There is a system that is designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage and present geographic or spatial data, and this is called GIS or geographic information system. With the aid of GIS applications as tools, users are guided on how to create queries that are interactive, to analyze spatial information, edit the data in maps, and present the results of these processes.
Know that around the world, there are green projects that are benefitting in the field of renewable energy because of the versatile and lots to offers of the GIS technology.
Wind maps is among the several great ways that GIS is helping these green projects. In order to find the best location to install a wind turbine farm, a wind map can show the average wind speeds of an area. Also, researchers are helped in determining how tall the wind generator should be to get the best results, since the wind speeds can be shown at what it is like at various elevations. Costs can be reduced if the areas with the greatest wind energy potential are identified.
Related dangers like tornadoes and hurricanes can also be revealed as to their frequency with the aid of the wind maps, and this is another benefit we can get from this instrument. This would then lead for engineers to design and construct wind farms that are more durable and that can handle these mentioned conditions. With GIS, information about the land can also be shown, if it is prone to flooding or far away from transmission lines, that would inhibit the building of the wind farm or consider it a feasible project.
Researchers can calculate if wind turbines or solar panels are beneficial, with the combination of the technologies of solar map and wind map.
With the many features that GIS can offer, solar panels can get benefits too. Know that many points have to be considered when the solar panels are installed, such as the solar intensity, daily light amounts that the panels receive, average temperature of the place and the cloud coverage. With GIS, these parameters can be placed on a map, shown to investors to help determine the most productive position of the solar panels, and this can affect on how effective the solar panels are, whether there is an increase or reduction.
Solar energy’s quantity can then be known every year through the aid of solar maps. There is therefore a wealth of information that digital maps provide that are beneficial to the green projects of today, and with the aid of GIS as its powerful tool, we will sustain our earth to be greener.